TREATY ABORIGINAL RIGHTS RESEARCH PROGRAM

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Authority record

Department of Indian Affairs

  • Corporate body
  • 1841-

The Department of Indian Affairs is the federal body engaging with First Nations in a fiduciary relationship. In 1860, the responsibility for Indian Affairs was transferred from the British Crown to the Province of Canada. Since the transfer, the responsibility for Indian Affairs was passed to various government departments between 1873-1965. In 1966 the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development was created. They would later change name to the Indian Northern Affairs Canada. Today the department is known as Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.

Indian Association of Alberta - Treaty Aboriginal Rights Research Program

  • A2-LSLIRCTARRA-004
  • Corporate body
  • 1971-1999

The Indian Association of Alberta – Treaty Aboriginal Rights Research Program (IAA-TARR) was established on March 1, 1971 in Edmonton, Alberta, as a result of increasing First Nations political activity across Canada. It was overseen by the Indian Association of Alberta and functioned as a professional non-political research and resource center for First Nation communities in Alberta who are members of Treaty 6, 7 and 8. Initial projects were funded through special grants. By 1973, the Department of Indian Affairs Northern Development (DIAND) agreed to provide full funding for its activities.

The IAA-TARR Program operated out of an Edmonton office and an Ottawa office. The Edmonton branch was responsible for fieldwork and development of specific and comprehensive claims, liaising directly with First Nation communities that were utilizing its research services. The Ottawa office was responsible for archival research in the National archives to locate records that documented the historical grievances of member First Nation communities.

The initial purpose of the IAA-TARR Program was to establish a common understanding and mutual agreement on the issue of First Nation Treaties, Treaty rights, and Treaty implementation with the federal government. IAA-TARR Program’s early work focused on establishing a claims settlement mechanism to resolve the historical claims and grievances against the federal Crown. As the program grew and developed, its primary purpose evolved to center around the research, development and resolution of land claims, and other treaty grievances on behalf its member Nations. The IAA-TARR Program also recorded, translated and transcribed many Elder interviews as part of Elder testimony on the interpretation of Treaties 6, 7 and 8. In addition, the TARR Program was also directed by the IAA to research and produce position papers on a variety of issues facing First Nations on a national level.

Lesser Slave Lake Indian Agency

  • A2-LSLIRCTARRA-002
  • Corporate body

The Lesser Slave Lake Indian Agency was the regional office of the Department of Indian Affairs overseeing the area of northern Alberta, northeastern British Columbia, and northwestern Saskatchewan in the Treaty 8 region. The Agency consisted of reserves including Sucker Creek, Sturgeon Lake, Driftpile River, Swan River, Sawridge, Grouard, Wabasca, Boyer River, Upper Hay River, Hudson’s Hope, Fort Vermillion, Little Red River, Fort St. John and Grande Prairie. Eventually the agency divided into the smaller districts of Fort St. John, Fort Vermillion, Fort Norman, and Lesser Slave Lake.

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